( Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
In this chapter we will see the transition of the Godhead. As we have mentioned, in the Old Testament, God the Father spoke. Often, he would put his Spirit upon a person and use that man to reveal his will. In the gospels, God the Son spoke and, as we move into the book of Acts we will see that His Spirit will be placed on any person that is willing to receive Him.
We see in this verse; ( when the day of Pentecost was fully come ). We can look at this phrase in two distinctly different ways. First of all; the people in that room were waiting for that day. Like we’ve talked about, Jesus was with them after he arose for forty days. When he went up unto heaven he told them to go and wait for the promise. We talked about how we recognized that it would be ( ten days ) because of the ( day of Pentecost ). Therefore , as we read this verse, as it relates to these people, that period of time is now ( fully complete ).
We also can relate this verse to the complete journey of the nation of Israel. From the very first time they ( as a Nation ) went through the feasts mentioned in ( Leviticus 23 ) this day was on the horizon. I can’t say they all understood that fact but, scripture bears out that fact. We also see that in ( Hebrews 9:8-9 ). Of course, that knowledge was given as part of the New Testament, not the old. But, there were men that studied the Old Testament and recognized these facts as time moved on.
As a matter of fact, Luke; the author of this book was possibly one of those men. Another I might mention is Simeon in ( Luke 2:25-26 ). We see in those verses that he was waiting for these things to come because he had studied and knew these things.
( I believe ) that we, even today have built a religious system and, that of our own choosing that satisfies us. People in Church exactly like the people of Israel get caught up in the religious aspect of what is happening and stop studying for themselves. Just as in Israel; the ( day of Pentecost ) did ( fully come ) so will ( the day of Salvation ) one day ( fully come ) for those that are born again. I make the point that our salvation is in three tenses. Past, present and future. To define that: I, myself ( was saved ) in ( November, 1975 ) that the day my salvation journey began. I ( am being saved ) that’s ( present tense ) from myself. Daily I die a little more each day to the sin ( that so easily besets me ). And, one day my salvation will be complete when I stand before the one that gave his life for my sin. As a matter of fact; what began on the ( day of Pentecost ) will end when Jesus Christ come and receives ( the Church ) in the rapture.
Right now, at this moment we are waiting for the return of Christ just as the people in the upper room was waiting for that day to ( fully come ). These things in our Church economy are simply not taught today. The average person in Israel was left in ignorance by the spiritual leaders of that day. Our Churches are doing the very same thing today, not preparing us for that day. There is however, one tremendous difference. When the ( day of Pentecost ) was fully come, the people of Israel still had an opportunity to ask Jesus to be their savior. When ( the rapture ) takes place at the end of this age, those that are not born again will not have another opportunity to be saved. That however, is a different study. Right now we will move on in this chapter.
The next part of this verse says ( they were all with one accord in one place ). I want to tell something here that ( I believe ). This, that we see here is a picture. I can see how that It was important for these ( 120 believers ) to be at this one place and also, to be in one accord. The author of Acts being ( Luke ) penned this down because of what was seen in the upper room at that moment however, ( I believe ) that all across Jerusalem and, beyond; the Spirit of God filled every person that was born again at this time. We often assume that it was simply the people in this room but, I can see how that other people beyond this point could have been filled at the very same moment. I say ( I believe ) this because ( I can’t prove that fact from scripture. At the same time I say this; I also know that there are other places in Acts that reveal certain things that would cause me to wonder about this. So, I have to teach that which I can prove from scripture. Contrary to what I say ( I believe ) I’ll show you this verse.
( Acts 18:25 ) This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he spake and taught diligently in the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. Now, let’s move on down to ( Acts 19:2 ) He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed?
Looking at these two verse, you would think that it’s very possible that only the people in the upper room on that day received the Holy Ghost. With that being said; can you see how well meaning people can teach without being under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit? As we move forward from this verse, it’s at least two things that are on my mind and heart. First of all; you, as an individual, study behind me. It’s my desire to teach always under the inspiration of God’s Spirit and to help people ( of like mind ) to understand scripture. The second thing; ( make your calling and election sure ) ( 2 Peter 1:10 ) Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and elecrion sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
We must remember; at my very best or, no matter how wrong or right I am as I teach, it’s all about the Spirit of God. That Spirit must be in you as well. Teaching, and receiving a spiritual message is actually what we are going to see in the next few verses or, through this chapter. I love to seek out things that are hard to see in scripture such as; the difference in the ( Holy Ghost ) and the ( Holy Spirit ). AS we lok at ( verse 2 ) I believe we call see this. Look at this verses:
( 2 ) And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. ( 3 ) And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. ( 4 ) And they were filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
What we can recognize here is that something is being seen, heard and felt. The most powerful point to be seen here is that God could have done all of this without anything being seen, heard or felt. That fact is what ( I believe ) to be the basic difference in the ( Holy Ghost ) and the ( Holy Spirit ). As I sit here and write, teach this segment in Acts; if I tell you I have the spirit of God in me but, you can’t see it, what good is that to you? Can God use me without me allowing him to be seen? In the old economy, ( the Old Testament ) the people of Israel were looking for something, to see something, to know that God had forgiven their sin for another year. If it was nothing to be seen then how did they know God had moved to forgive? On this day; the actual true ( Day of Pentecost ) something is being seen however it was much different that anything they had ever seen before.
Please understand, as I teach this; I am continuing to learn as well. The holy Spirit keeps stirring within me as I think and reason. As we read about what just happened here, just how many people actually seen the event? I can only assume it was just the one hundred and twenty believers that were gathered in the upper room. However, we also know that what happened in that room, to those people didn’t stay in that room did it? A noticeable change had taken place. In ( verse 12-13 ) it says: And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, what meaneth this? ( 13 ) Others mocking sais, These men are full of new wine.
I’d like to relate this day to something in the gospel of John ( John 3:7 ) Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. Here Jesus Christ is doing the speaking. He has just made a spiritual statement to Nicodemus; now, he must teach him what this statement means. Here in ( Acts 2 ) something spiritual has just happened. Now, someone has to teach and help the people understand what has just happened.
I feel that I must teach some things here as well. If we are going to simply describe what has just happened: God, in the form of the Holy Ghost, just showed up. now look at this: ( Luke 1:8-12 ) And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest’s office before God in the order of his course, ( 9 ) According to the custom of the priest’s office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. ( 10 ) And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense. ( 11 ) And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the alter of incense. ( 12 ) And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.
I only point this out to make the point of the lack of spirituality at that time. I realize that Zacharias was not the High Priest but, I don’t believe that the Lord was meeting the High Priest behind the veil at that time either. At some point in the Old Testament God had stopped meeting the Hight Priest behind the veil, the people just didn’t realize that fact. I had simply become a religious ceremony each year.
Basically, what was happening was that each year the people would bring their sacrifices, offer them for their sins and, go back home and continues the same as they were. That is not what God ever intended for Israel to do. I often use the saying: God saves us ( Just as we are ) But God doesn’t expect us to ( stay ) Just as we are. If you believe that; if you go to Church, say you get saved, get baptized, go to Sunday School and Church, tithe, is all it is to salvation, then you my friend are badly mistaken and you are just as the children of Israel were in the day just before the birth, death, resurrection and day of real Pentecost. Most Church people, even the pastors and Church leaders are just like Zacharias, if something spiritual actually happened, it would cause great fear in them. On the day of Pentecost; something spiritual happened and, the people wondered, what in the world is going on? They had never seen this before.
I don’t mean to drag this out but, it’s very important to understand. God wanted to meet with his people and Moses at the foot of the mountain. So, let’s start with this verse: ( Exodus 19:8 ) And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the Lord.
If you continue to read here you will see that Moses talk to the Lord, told them what the people said. God the Father told Moses to tell the people to come to the foot of the mountain, he told them to set up barriers and not to touch to foot of the mountain, lest they die. As Moses talked to the Lord; the Lord was adamant for him to get down because the people were going to break through and die. The people could not even obey the law before the law became law.
My whole point in sharing this is to help you to see that it has to be something inside of you that causes you to even have a desire to be pleasing to God. That is exactly what these people on this day are witnessing in these people. If you consider; If I tell you I have the spirit of God in me, what good is that if he cannot be seen? I’ve made this statement before but it fits well here too. Israel were saying and also believed that they were God’s people ( just as they were ). Something needs to be seen, God desires to be seen in every man’s flesh.
To the Jewish people, this was the ( Day of Pentecost ). We see that says in ( verse 5 ) Now there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. These people had come because this was a ( feast day ). They were suppose to be there. As far as they were concerned; it would be a normal ( feast day ). Now, look at this next verse: ( 6 ) Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together. and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. We’ll add the next verse as well: ( 7 ) And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying on to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galileans?
The first thing I want you to see is that when theses ( 120 ) believers came out of the upper room; they were different than when they went in, I was noticable to the people outside that room. Most of the next few verses can also be tied to this as well. I’d like to take a little time here to explain a few things. If we go back to ( verse 4 ) it says ( they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the spirit gave them utterance. ) ( I personally believe ) that these people were speaking in a known language that these people outside understood. Can you imagine, as you look down at all the different nationalities represented in Jerusalem, just what this sounded to these people; all that spoke the same lauguage?
We”ll get back to that but, we also see the word ( tongue ) used to discribe how the Holy Ghost looked when it fell on the ( 120 ) believers. ( verse 3 ) And there appeared unto them cloventongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
Since Luke is writing this, we’ll just say he was someone standing and watching this unfold. As he stood there and, the Holy Ghost fell, it looked like a tongue that reach out and touched each person in the room. So, we see the word ( tongue ) used in two different ways in this same chapter.
However, the focus here in these verses is that the believers were given the gift of tongues as in, the ability to communicate with people on that dat that were not able to speak their language. ( I believe that any one of the believers could have walked up to any person, no matter what language they spoke and witnessed to them in their own language that day. I also believe that the ability todo that continused for some time after that day. It actually wasn’t that the people speaking in a different language was it? They were actually speaking in their normal language but, the person hearing them were understanding it in their own language. Look at what they say in ( verse 7 ) And they were amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these Galilaeans?
My desire is to teach spiritual lessons and, to get the reader to search even deeper. So, let’s consider something here. All the people that were there that day, that spoke the same language that these 120 believers did, what did they hear? They heard the very same message that every other man did in his own language. God’s purpose was to get the message out to every person that they might take it back to their perspective towns , countries and villages. My point is that; even the people that spoke the same language needed to hear the ( New Testament ) message as well.
( I believe ) if we look back to ( Genesis 11:1-10 ) where God ( in physical sense ) seperated the languages and, that for a reason. he is actually doing the same here, it’s just in a ( spiriual sense ). Just prior to that event, what happened? ( God destroyed the earth with water ). A big event. Now, just beginning the new world; he changes the languages, physically. Just before this event with the languages, what happened? A big ( spiritual event ) death burial and resurrection. Now there’s a new message. Every person at that event ( the day of Pentecost ) will not hear and except that message, doesn’t mean he never will but, just not that day. On that day, what seemed to confusion, was not confusing to those that believed. In both cases; it became the responsibility of the people that understood to teach those that did not. Also, Wasn’t it now, Israel’s responsibility to take the gospel to every nation under the sun?
Look at all the places that are mentioned in ( Romans 2:9-11 )> I says in ( Verse 5 ) And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under the sun. There’s a spiritual lesson here. Again ( I believe ) that on a normal ( day of Pentacost ) these people came to the feast, went through their normal ( religious ceremony ) and went home. They went back to their nation or place they dwelled and basically never changed a thing. Isn’t that what we do on an average Sunday morning? We simply go to our perspective Church, go through our normal Sunday morning religious ceremony and, go home. Basically, we never talk about any spiritual change or event that happened that day at all during the week, do we? Can you think of why that might be? It is because of the lack of the Spirit of God. On this ( day of Pentacost ) it’s going to be different. The Spirit of God is here and, some will hear that spirit.
Right in the midst of all this; the Apostle Peter stands and begins to speak. This is something that is different than a normal day of Penacost. As a matter of fact, the last few might have been some different. In ( Luke 2: 46-47 ) And it cam to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them , and asking them queations. ( 47 ) All all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers. And in ( Luke 19:35 ) And they brought him to Jesus:and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they sat Jesus thereon. This event happened just before the crucifixion when Jesus was coming into Jerusalem.
All this was because the true event was happening. It was not a mere type anymore. The was the true sacrafice, true resurrection and the true day of Pentacost.On this day of Pentacost; the Apostle Peter is going to stand up and speak. We see this in ( verse 14 ) of ( Acts 2 ). But Peter, standing up eith the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem,be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
The question might be; why Peter? In closing this part out we will adreess that point once again then, we will address the message in the next segment.
We have already talked about the reason it was the Apostle Peter in an early segment but, I feel we need to look at it right here as well. ( Matthew 16:18-19 ) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. ( 19 ) And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
In the early segment, I went into the fact that the gospel was to be offered unto the Jew first. Here, on the day of Pentacost we see the gospel being offered to the Jesw first. As we move on through the ( Book of Acts ) we will see the keys used at least twice more. Jesus had given Peter the keys to unlock the gospel truth to every group of people. The Jews here. as a nation have a chance once again to except Jesus Christ as the King of Kings and the Lord of Glory. As we will see, there are many that do but, as a nation, he is still rejected as their King.
The next segment will be: Peter’s first use of the ( Keys to the Kingdom )